Periodontal disease includes several conditions, some of which precede others. Gum inflammation (or gingivitis) is caused by bacteria in plaque build up.
Gingivitis is considered a plaque-induced inflammatory condition.
Gingivitis may or may not progress to periodontitis, but if left untreated can advance to periodontitis. Before periodontics is diagnosed, the gums may be irritated and sensitive but remain strongly entrenched in their sockets.
After periodontis sets in, the gums and bone pull away from the teeth. Small spaces are inevitably filled with bots of food and bacteria and decay sets in. This can eventually break down the bone and surrounding tissue. As the patient’s immune system attacks the bacteria and unfortunately, plaque continues to increase below the gum line. Pockets deepen and teeth loosen, causing significant problems for the patient.
Certain conditions such as pregnancy, menopause and hormonal fluctuation can exacerbate gum disease and should be monitored. Other serious diseases such as cancer, HIV and diabetes can also contribute, making regular cleaning essential.
Smoking, medications and other habits can also contribute to oral health and should be addressed at your regular healthcare provider. Family history may also contribute to excessive plaque formation.
If you are experiencing bleeding gums, bad breath, loose or shifting teeth, swollen or red gums, deep pockets or receding gums, you may be experiencing periodontal disease.
The good news is mild periodontal disease can be caught and corrected in order to preserve your smile. Regular brushing and flossing, specially formulated rinses and other tactics can reduce bacteria and are an essential part of combatting periodontal disease.
Dr. Arash Vahid and his team of trained dental professionals at the office in Jersey City, New Jersey can also help by providing regular professional cleaning. In addition, they can recommend strategies to keep your teeth cleaner and healthier between visits.